Whiting Manufacturing Co traces its origin to the firm Tifft & Whiting formed in 1840 by Albert C. Tifft and William Dean Whiting.
After the retirement of Tifft the firm changed to Whiting & Gooding (& Co) in 1853, Whiting Fessenden & Cowan (1858), Tifft Whiting & Co (1859, re-entering of Tifft), Whiting Cowan & Bowen (1864) until its forming as Whiting Manufacturing Co in 1866. The factory, located in North Attleboro, Massachusetts, was destroyed by a fire in 1875.What was salvaged by the ruins was acquired by F, Jones and the production transferred to New York combining its manufacturing operations and offices into one building at 692-694 Broadway at Fourth Street. Whiting had relatively small production output but produced exceptional handmade silverware in relatively small quantities.
The Company's most famous and important designer was Charles Osborne. In the 1880's he worked for Tiffany for a period of time before returning to Whiting.
His designs are some of the most important of the American aesthetic movement. FINEST HAND CHASED REPOUSSE DECORATION ON FRONT. HAND MADE AND HAND CHASED WITH SUPERB CRISP REALISTIC DETAILS, APPLIED FISHING NET - ALL OF SUPERB QUALITY. MARKED ON THE NECK, UNDER THE LID WITH WHITING MANUFACTURING COMPANY MAKER'S HALLMARK, STERLING, 2219. MADE OF HEAVY GAUGE STERLING SILVER.
ABOUT 9+ TROY OZ (286 grams) - GOOD WEIGHT FOR THE SIZE. Very good original antique condition with light normal wear and very minor charming indication of age. Light expected dings and scratches - mentioned just for 100% accuracy. Hinge works perfectly, threaded lid with cork inside is fully functional and holds liquid.No monogram or mono removal. Very difficult to photograph item - all dark spots that appear in the pictures is just a reflection and light tarnishing, need more light cleaning and hand polishing. ABOUT 140 YEARS OLD MUSEUM GRADE EXAMPLE OF ANTIQUE AMERICAN ART SILVER - PICTURES DON'T DO JUSTICE - ABSOLUTELY STUNNING! The Japanesque silver of the Whiting Manufacturing Company. The 1870s and 1880s were some of the most innovative and exciting decades in the history of the American silver industry. Postwar prosperity, the discovery of silver in the American West, and innovations in manufacturing created an ideal environment for the design and fashioning of original objects. Among the most prolific and successful silver companies in the period was the Whiting Manufacturing Company, best known today for the beautifully designed and executed Japanese-inspired silver it made between 1874 and 1890.
While Tiffany and Company and the Gorham Manufacturing Company were larger, more established manufacturers, Whitings designers were particularly original in appropriating Japanese and naturalistic motifs drawn from Japanese prints, pottery, metalwork, and textiles-as well as from European print sources. My research has established that Edwin Davis French, a noted bookplate designer, was an important Whiting designer for many years. And I have uncovered evidence that Charles Osborne, a well-known designer for Tiffany, was also designing for Whiting in the 1880s.In addition, and of particular interest to collectors, my research revealed a method for dating Whiting silver made between 1880 and 1894. William Dean Whiting was a silversmith who began his career as an apprentice to his uncle John Tifft at the Attleboro, Massachusetts, jewelry-manufacturing firm Draper and Tifft. With his uncles financial backing, he and his cousin Albert Crandall Tifft formed Tifft and Whiting in 1840, which produced such items as gold hearts, crosses, and rings.
By the 1850s they employed 150 workers and had expanded production to include sterling silver goods such as cups, flatware, and combs. The firm underwent several subsequent expansions. But was liquidated in 1866 due to debts. Whiting and several partners then founded the Whiting Manufacturing Company later that year. By the early 1870s the firm had a steam-powered, belt-driven factory in Attleboro employing highly specialized workers, such as die makers, turners, chasers, and engravers.This early adoption of a factory model allowed for increased production, with the result that by 1893 Whiting was the third largest silver-manufacturing firm in the United States. After a fire destroyed the Attleboro factory in September 1875, the firm moved to New York City, combining its manufacturing operations and offices into one building at 692-694 Broadway at Fourth Street. Of the approximately two hundred employees in Attleboro, some forty to eighty (forty families) relocated with the firm.
One of these was Edwin French, a designer and head of the engraving department at Whiting from 1869 to 1894. After French retired in 1894, he focused on designing and engraving bookplates see Figs. Indeed, his success as a bookplate engraver at the end of his career (he designed more than 350 between 1894 and 1906), has largely eclipsed his long and successful career at Whiting. The vase in Figure 3, for example, can be attributed to him because the lilies on it are remarkably similar to those in a bookplate of about 1893 Fig.The match safe in Figure 5 can likewise be attributed to French based on the similarity of the clover to those on the bookplate in Figure 6. Another previously under-recognized Whiting designer is Charles Osborne, best known for his inventive designs for Tiffany and Company, but who began his career at Whiting in 1871. It has been widely assumed that after he left Whiting in 1878 Osborne worked exclusively for Tiffany, but my research revealed that he continued to design for Whiting in 1882 and 1883 and quite possibly afterwards.
A number of Whiting objects from the early 1880s have obvious Osborne characteristics, notably pearling and seaweed motifs see Fig. One of his most accomplished designs for the firm in this period was the Goelet Schooner Prize Fig. 7, dating from 1883, several years after he supposedly left the firm. Osbornes papers indicate that he was commissioned to make a number of medals unconnected with Tiffany, supporting the credibility of his designing for Whiting while employed by Tiffany.
After the move to New York, Whiting tapped into the developing taste for Japanese-inspired motifs among urban Americans, who, increasingly cut off from the natural world, were mesmerized by the vision of nature found in Japanese art and design and clamored for objects that evoked it. The sources for Whitings Japanese-inspired designs were complex and diverse. In addition to Japanese art and objects, designers used European prints, photographs, and sketches of fruit and ferns, and scientific illustrations of fish and seaweed as the basis for their designs.They had ample opportunity to see Japanese works firsthand in New York: Tiffany retailed Asian decorative objects as early as 1837; John La Farge exhibited Japanese prints in the 1860s; there were two dozen Japanese import firms in New York City well-known import house A. Vantine was not far from Whitings design studio. Illustrated art periodicals such as. All promoted Japanese art, as did American magazines with wider circulations, such as. Whiting had a substantial design library (part of which survives at the Rhode Island School of Design Special Collections Library) that included George Audsleys 1883 four-volume. Interestingly, the illustration of Japanese knife handles ornamented with insects, flowers, and fish Fig. 10 is missing from its copy, which may indicate it was removed to be used in the design studio-a common practice. Original of Whitings designs were water pitchers and bowls encrusted with seashells.
Whitings Japanese-inspired silver did more than just appropriate a Far Eastern design vocabulary. At its best, this silver absorbed the essence of the Japanese aesthetic in intimate, harmonious, and original decorative works that were distinctly American and responded to the American fascination with nature.The most original-and commercially successful, judging by the large numbers that survive-of Whitings designs were the water pitchers and bowls encrusted with seashells made between 1880 and 1890 see Figs. The forms are not Japanese and the seashells were from American beaches. However, the objects are clearly informed by a distinctly Japanese-inspired sense of the natural world. Notably, while the two pitchers in Figures 11 and 12 are similar, they are not identical, reflecting the fact that two different chasers executed the decoration.
While it is likely that William Dean Whiting both designed and chased work, it is unlikely that later designers at Whiting, and other large industrialized firms, actually produced or ornamented the objects they designed. Instead, highly specialized chasers were responsible for the decoration. Mostly unidentified today, they are perhaps the most important and most overlooked members of the nineteenth-century silver industry.My research uncovered the names of five chasers who worked for Whiting in the 1870s and 1880s. One of these, Lewis W. Goerck, was the foreman of the chasing department from 1871 until his death in 1888. And was responsible for the vase in Figure 3, which he signed, making it one of the very few pieces that have thus far been tied to a specific chaser. In sum, as evident in the works illustrated here, from the 1870s into the 1890s Whitings talented designers and chasers created some of the periods most alluring pieces of American silver. They transformed such utilitarian forms as pitchers, bowls, flatware, and coffeepots into works of art that captured the naturalism of Japanese design in a totally American way. In my archival research at Brown Universitys John Hay Library, I found that, beginning about 1880, every piece of hollowware Whiting produced was stamped with a sequential number, essentially a design number, allowing the designs and objects to be systematically tracked. While the numbering probably began around 1880, the surviving ledgers begin in 1883 at number 1000 and end in 1894 with number 4740. Each entry is accompanied by a small ink drawing of the form and decoration, which allowed me to match and date many Whiting objects-and will help collectors date their pieces more precisely. However, questions still remain because I discovered that when a design was manufactured with different decorative schemes, the objects were marked with a number-letter combination-with the letters running sequentially A through Z, each apparently indicating an alternative ornamental scheme. For example, the water pitchers in Figures 11 and 12 are both stamped 1225 Y, with the. Indicating that the decoration was one of at least twenty-five schemes available on such pitchers, but the date of each scheme has not been determined. The National Cyclopedia of American Biography.
White, New York, 1910, p. History of Massachusetts Industries: Their Inception, Growth and Success.
Clarke Publishing, Boston, 1930, p. 279; George Randall, Rehoboth and Attleboro. Dun and Company Collection, Baker Library Historical Collections, Harvard Business School, Boston. 5 Our Industries, The Whiting Manufacturing Company. October 25, 1873; ibid, November 1, 1873.
International Exposition of Chicago, 1893. (Paris, 1894), cited in Charles Venable. Dallas Museum of Art and H. Abrams, New York, 1995, p. 7 From 1876 to 1904 the factory was at 692-694 Broadway.
Whiting operated independently until 1905, when, partially as a result of labor problems across the silver industry, it joined Gorhams Silversmiths Stock Company. Although owned by Gorham, Whiting maintained a factory in Bridgeport, Connecticut, from 1910 to 1924, when Gorham moved its operations to Providence.Jewelers Circular and Horological Review. Whiting and Company (a firm started by William Whiting and his son after Whiting retired from Whiting Manufacturing Company). 10 For a more through discussion of Charles Osborne and his designs for Tiffany see John Loring.
Abrams, New York, 2001, p. 11 The Goelet Schooner Yacht Prize.12 Osbornes freelance status at Tiffany is supported by a reference in a January 23, 1888, letter from Osborne to the management at Whiting, which notes that Whiting will transfer shares of its stock to Osborne (as part of his new employment contract with the firm) provided that Osborne can secure his release from a certain verbal understanding with Tiffany & Co. 91×23.44, 91×23.40, 91×23.47, Osborne Papers, Joseph Downs Collection, Winterthur Library. 13 While researching a Japanesque Tiffany and Company vase in the Metropolitan Museum I identified the source of its iconography as Le Pêcheur Naturaliste. Bodman, John Fearn, Adolph Brunn, and Francis A. Gunner worked as chasers for Whiting.
The Cause of the Lock-Out. First Annual Report of the Board of Mediation and Arbitration of the State of New York.A design historian living in New York, was the 2010/2011 Tiffany and Company Foundation Curatorial Intern at the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Your satisfaction is very important to us.
Items must be in their original condition with similar of our packing. Although every effort is made to ensure accurate dimensions and weights, the figures shown should always be treated as approximate. The pictures should be considered as part of the item description. We do not take responsibility for any personal or third party losses. The item "EXCEPTIONAL ANTIQUE WHITING STERLING SILVER FLASK CRAB / FISHING NET Hand Chased" is in sale since Wednesday, April 29, 2020.
This item is in the category "Antiques\Silver\Sterling Silver (.925)\Bottles, Decanters & Flasks". The seller is "silverapple" and is located in PA. This item can be shipped worldwide.